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Non-cooperative Game Leach for Cluster Distribution Routing Method on Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)

Muhamad Asvial 1, Awangga Febian Surya Admaja 1, and Muh Asnoer Laagu 2*
1. Universitas Indonesia, Depok and 16424, Indonesia
2. Universitas Jember, Jember and 68121, Indonesia

Manuscript received November 25, 2022; revised December 20, 2022, accepted December 27, 2022.

Abstract—A wireless sensor network (WSN) is a group of sensor nodes that take data with specific measurement parameters and then send the data wirelessly to a central node or server for data processing. WSN nodes are designed to be compact; therefore, the energy of sensor nodes usually depends on the integrated battery. The sensor node must work as efficiently as possible so that energy use can be more efficient and WSN life can be prolonged. The longer the lifespan of the WSN, the higher the throughput. One of the many ways to extend the life of the WSN is to use the concept of grouping nodes or the so-called cluster method. This study proposes the The Division Non-Cooperative Game LEACH (DivNCGL) routing method, a modified method based on Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) by distributing cluster heads (CHs). The distribution process is performed by dividing the distribution area of the nodes into subregions. The subregion division process uses the probability value obtained by the non-cooperative game method based on the remaining active nodes, the total remaining energy, and the energy required for transmission. The simulation results, the lifespan of WSN using the DivNCGL method increases up to 30% with stable energy dissipation compared to the LEACH protocol. The increasing lifespan of the WSN also increases the amount of data transmitted, thereby increasing the received throughput. Received data increases up to 70% using the DivNCGL method compared to LEACH.
Keywords—WSN, routing, LEACH, non-cooperative game, distributed cluster

Cite: Muhamad Asvial, Awangga Febian Surya Admaja, and Muh Asnoer Laagu, "Non-cooperative Game Leach for Cluster Distribution Routing Method on Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)," Journal of Communications vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 198-206, March 2023. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.18.3.198-206

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.