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Publication Ethics

1. Publication Ethics Statement

Academic ethics are the necessary fundamental principle of research and the foundation for scientists’ and engineers’ reputation. JCM conducts a rigorous double-blind peer-review process together with clear ethical policies to support the addition of high-quality scientific studies to the field of scholarly publication. Where we become aware of ethical issues, we are committed to investigating and taking necessary action to maintain the integrity of the literature and ensure the safety of research participants.

 2. Author’s Duty
  Authorship of the paper: All authors should have significantly contributed to the research.

 Original papers should report the work performed and the experiment data accurately, discuss its significance objectively, give experiment details enough to reproduce the research or experiment by others, and cite and list the references exactly according to the JCM requirement and JCM reference style. 
 Data access and retention: The raw data of the research should be available even after the paper’s publication for at least ten years.
 Originality and plagiarism: Only entirely original papers can be submitted to JCM. All the work or words of others should be cited or quoted appropriately. Plagiarism and fraudulent date papers will not be considered for publication by JCM. 
  Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication: Papers should not be published in more than one journal. Submitting the same research in different languages and the under-review manuscripts to different journals are also unethical behavior, which are unacceptable by JCM. 
 Sign the JCM Copyright form and statement that all data in article are real and authentic.
 Ethics of experimentation: Approval from the relevant body is required for the studies, such as humans, animals, cell lines, field sampling, and potential biosafety implications. 

 For papers involved human participants, an ethical statement should be added,e.g., All the members gave their informed consent for inclusion before they participated in the study and the protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of XXX (Project identification code XXX).. 

 Disclosure and conflicts of Interest: All the financial support for the research should be disclosed.
 All authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.
 Acknowledgement of sources
3. Reviewers’ Responsibility

 Judgments should be objective. 
 Reviewers’ views should be expressed clearly with supporting arguments.
 Promptness is necessary. If the selected reviewer feels inadequate to review the paper or cannot promptly review the paper, the reviewer should inform the editor and drop out of the peer review process of the paper.
 Reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors, and/or the research funders.
 Reviewers should point out relevant published work which is not yet cited.
 Reviewed articles should be treated confidentially.
4. Editors
 Publication decisions: Editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article. But this decision should only be based on the paper’s relevance to the journal’s scope and its academic quality, including the reviewers’ judgments, the research’s innovation, the experiment’s validity, etc. And only accept a paper when reasonably certain.
 Confidentiality: Editors and the editorial staff should guarantee the confidentiality of the submitted papers which should be only disclose to the authors, the reviewers, the potential reviewers, the adviser from the JCM Editorial Committee, and the publisher if necessary before publication. And the submitted papers should not be used for the editors’ and the editorial staff’s own research without the authors’ written authorization.  
 Editors should have no conflict of interest with respect to articles they reject/accept.
 Adhere to the double-blind review in the peer review process.
 Preserve anonymity of reviewers.
 When errors are found, promote publication of correction or retraction.
5. Publishing Ethics Issues

No plagiarism and no fraudulent data.
Plagiarism and fraudulent data are forbidden. When a case of plagiarism and fraudulent data is exposed after the paper’s publication in JCM, a preliminary investigation will be conducted by JCM. JCM will also inform the author. The author could state the situation through JCM official e-mail:
jcm@etpub.com. If the plagiarism is confirmed, JCM will contact the author’s institute and funding agencies. And JCM will mark the plagiarism paper obviously on the PDF of this paper or formally retract the paper.

 Monitoring/safeguarding publishing ethics by editorial board.
Crosscheck and double-blind peer review should be conducted for each paper to avoid academic misconduct. And all the files related to each paper should be kept properly.

 Guidelines for retracting articles.
(a) Retracting article will be considered if there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error), or if the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper crossreferencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication), or if the paper constitutes plagiarism, or if the paper reports unethical research. 
(b) The main purpose of retractions is to correct the literature and ensure its integrity rather than to punish authors who misbehave.
(c) The retracted paper will not be removed from the JCM online issues. But notices of retraction will be promptly published and linked to the retracted article, accurately stating the information of the retracted article, the reason(s) for retraction, and who retracts the article, which will be freely available to all readers.
(d) Articles may be retracted by their author(s) or by JCM. In some cases, retractions are issued jointly. And JCM has the final decision about retracting articles. JCM will retract publications even if all or some of the authors refuse to retract the publication themselves if the unethical behavior is confirmed.

 Maintain the integrity of the academic record.
All the authors will make a commitment of the integrity of the academic record, including the integrity of the data and figures in the paper, when they sign the JCM Copyright Form. And the crosscheck and peer review will help the editors to verify the originality and integrity of the submitted paper. 

 All the business needs should be precluded from compromising intellectual and ethical standards.
 Dealing with the fundamental errors. 
When an author discovers fundamental errors in the published works, it is the author’s obligation to notify the editor promptly by e-mail. The editors and the editorial stuff should always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.

Potential Conflict of Interests
Authors must identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of the reported research results. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include but are not limited to financial interests (such as membership, employment, consultancies, stocks/shares ownership, honoraria, grants or other funding, paid expert testimonies and patent-licensing arrangements) and non-financial interests (such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, and personal beliefs).