Home > Published Issues > 2023 > Volume 18, No. 8, August 2023 >
JCM 2023 Vol.18(8): 489-503
Doi: 10.12720/jcm.18.8.489-503

An Optimized Vertical Handover Decision Model for the Heterogeneous DSRC/LTE Vehicular Networks

Michael Agyare1, 2, *, Jerry John Kponyo2, Kwasi Adu-Boahen Opare2, and Kwame Oteng Gyasi2
1.Department of Telecommunications Engineering, Ghana Communication Technology University, Accra, 00233, Ghana.
2.Department of Telecommunication Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, 00233, Ghana; Email: jjkponyo.soe@knust.edu.gh (J.J.K.), opare@knust.edu.gh (K.A. B.O.), kotenggyasi@knust.edu.gh (K.O.G.)
*Correspondence: magyare@gctu.edu.gh (M.A.)

Manuscript received December 27, 2022; revised January 30, 2023, accepted March 13, 2023.

Abstract—Among a variety of Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X)- supporting access technologies, Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) and cellular communications, e.g., Long Term Evolution (LTE) network is promising reliable and efficient vehicular communications. DSRC has been designed to allow for direct low-latency communications among different vehicles i.e., Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) and between vehicles and Roadside Units (RSU). On the other hand, DSRC suffers from link quality degradation with the presence of buildings and vehicles, especially in urban areas, where channel collisions become serious when vehicle density is high. LTE networks can provide wide area coverage and are favorable to bandwidth-greedy applications, which require high data rates and reliability. Considering the relatively high end-to-end delay for message transmission due to the long Transmission Time Interval (TTI) current LTE networks have drawbacks regarding latency to support high-frequency safety-related information exchange among vehicles in local areas. Combining LTE and DSRC approaches as a heterogeneous solution is essential to fast introduce V2X services for future automated driving. By this intelligent Vertical Handover (VHO) algorithms are needed to ensure seamless connectivity of vehicles to the best network at a particular point in time. For this paper, we propose a 3- input fuzzy-logic-based VHO scheme for Heterogeneous DSRC/LTE Vehicular Communication Networks. The 3 input parameters for the fuzzy logic design were the Received Signal Strength (RSS), Signal to Interference & Noise Ratio (SINR), and Vehicular velocity. A vehicular density scenario was considered for the simulation of the proposed algorithm. Due to the inclusion of vehicular velocity as a parameter, the proposed algorithm enabled the vehicles to establish a longer connection based on their velocity with less decision delay to the best network available.

Keywords—vertical handover, heterogeneous vehicular communication, DSRC, cellular networks

Cite: Michael Agyare, Jerry John Kponyo, Kwasi Adu-Boahen Opare, and Kwame Oteng Gyasi, “An Optimized Vertical Handover Decision Model for the Heterogeneous DSRC/LTE Vehicular Networks," Journal of Communications vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 489-503, August 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.