Home > Published Issues > 2023 > Volume 18, No. 7, July 2023 >
JCM 2023 Vol.18(7): 462-470
Doi: 10.12720/jcm.18.7.462-470

Resource-Efficient Coverage Path Planning for UAV-Based Aerial IoT Gateway

Nurul Saliha A. Ibrahim* and Faiz A. Saparudin
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia
*Correspondence: salihaamani96@gmail.com (N.S.A.I.)

Manuscript received December 7, 2022; revised February 21, 2023, accepted March 30, 2023.

Abstract—Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have a lot of potential for developing new applications in a variety of fields, such as traffic monitoring, security, and military applications. In the vast nature of the Internet of Things (IoT) network, UAVs could work as Aerial Gateway (AG) for communications among low-powered and distributed ground IoT Devices (IDs). This research concentrates on the path planning and deployment system that may facilitate decisionmaking and guaranteed resource-efficient UAV mission assignment in serving ground IDs. Due to limited resources, it is essential to take into account several factors when designing such a system, including the AG flight time, the coverage radius, and the ground-to-air system's achievable data rate. As a result, the Energy Efficient Coverage Path Planning (EECPP) algorithm has been proposed. The EECPP is composed of two algorithms: the Stop Point Prediction Algorithm using K-Means, and Path Planning Algorithm using Particle Swarm Optimization. The outcome demonstrates that, in terms of total flight distance, EECPP outperforms Close Enough Traveling Salesman Problem (CETSP) by 19.99%. EECPP reduced energy usage by an average of 56.15% as opposed to Energy-Efficient Path Planning (E2PP). Due to its mobility nature with the addition of effective path planning, the AG is able to hover at each stop point, making it ideal for usage in crowded regions with high demand, emergency circumstances, and distant locations with no access to fixed base stations.
Keywords—path planning, resource-efficient, unmanned air vehicles

Cite: Nurul Saliha A. Ibrahim  and Faiz A. Saparudin, "Resource-Efficient Coverage Path Planning for UAV-Based Aerial IoT Gateway," Journal of Communications vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 462-470, July 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.