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On the Secrecy Outage Probability of NOMA Systems Affected by Imperfect SIC over κ−μ Fading Channels

Adrián S. Arias1, Leidy C. Huera1, Brandon S. Rueda1, Henry R. Carvajal1, Nathaly V. Orozco 1*, and Fernando D. Almeida 2
1. Universidad de Las Américas (UDLA), Faculty of Engineering and Applied Sciences (FICA), Quito 170503, Ecuador
2. University of Campinas (UNICAMP), School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Campinas 13083-852, Brazil

Manuscript received August 12, 2022; revised October 12, 2022, accepted January 18, 2023.

Abstract—Fifth-generation (5G) and beyond fifth-generation (B5G) wireless systems increase the transmission capabilities of simple devices, such as Internet of Things (IoT) devices. However, they are vulnerable to eavesdropping attacks due to their low computational processing capacity. Thus, physical layer security (PLS) appears as an interesting alternative essential for their proper operation. In this work, the secrecy performance of power-domain non-orthogonal-multiple-access (NOMA) systems affected by imperfect successive interference cancellation (SIC) is evaluated in a scenario consisting of two users operating over κ−μ fading channels. By considering that the user furthest from the base station (BS) is an untrusted user, expressions to calculate the signal-to-noise-plus-interference ratio (SNIR) of both users are derived, and with these results, an expression to evaluate the secrecy-outage-probability (SOP) for the trusted user is derived. Numerical results using Monte-Carlo simulations are carried out in some scenarios to validate the derived expressions. The results also evidence a simple strategy to minimize the SOP for the trusted user based on the κ and μ fading parameters.
Keywords—NOMA, physical-layer-security, κ-μ fading, secrecy-outage-probability

Cite: Adrián S. Arias, Leidy C. Huera, Brandon S. Rueda, Henry R. Carvajal, Nathaly V. Orozco, and Fernando D. Almeida, "On the Secrecy Outage Probability of NOMA Systems Affected by Imperfect SIC over κ−μ Fading Channels," Journal of Communications vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 147-155, March 2023. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.18.3.147-155

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.