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A Survey of Game Theoretical Approach in Cognitive Radio Network and 5G-6G Communications

Anggun Fitrian Isnawati
Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, 53147, Indonesia

Abstract—The development of telecommunications, especially wireless communication, requires data transmission at high speed and wide bandwidth to support 5G-6G communication services. For this reason, it is necessary to have a network with adaptive capabilities in managing and improving performance parameters independently through an intelligent radio network system or better known as Cognitive Radio Network (CRN). The use of CRN in several implementations such as Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Network (CRAHN), Cognitive Radio Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (CR-VANET), Intelligent CRN and even 6G-CRN has also been widely used. Another method that is also used to optimize system performance independently is through the Game Theory (GT) approach. Game theory can be implemented on CRN as well as on 5G-6G communications. The use of GT in the CRN system provides improvements in terms of increasing system performance such as reducing interference and bit error rate (BER), increasing throughput and Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio (SINR), power efficiency, increasing utility and resource capacity and being able to achieve convergence or reach the Nash equilibrium state more rapidly. Meanwhile, the use of GT in 5G-6G communication and other technologies are related to the power control, resource allocation, spectrum sharing, channel estimation, channel selection and Quality of Service (QoS) or Quality of Experience (QoE). In general, the use of GT can help to improve the overall performance of a system.
Index Terms—5G-6G communications, cognitive radio network, game theory, Nash equilibrium, SINR

Cite: Anggun Fitrian Isnawati, "A Survey of Game Theoretical Approach in Cognitive Radio Network and 5G-6G Communications," Journal of Communications vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 830-843, October 2022. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.17.10.830-843

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