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A Priority-based Parallel Schedule Polling MAC for Wireless Sensor Networks

Zhijun Yang1,2, Longzheng Zhu1, Hongwei Ding1, and Zheng Guan1
1. School of Information Science and Engineering, Yunnan University, Kunming, China
2. The Academy for Educational Science Research, Educational Department of Yunnan Province, Kunming,China

Abstract —MAC (medium access control) protocol plays an important role in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) due to limited bandwidth and battery. MAC protocol that provides Priority-based quality of service (QoS) which satisfies various traffic transmission requirement will form the base of highperformance network application. This paper presents a new priority-based parallel schedule polling MAC protocol (PPSPMAC) in WSNs, which combines polling orders with access policies including Gated and Exhaustive access policies to realize the priority-based scheme and reduces the overhead time through parallel schedule. Then the PPSP-MAC model is set up by method of imbedded Markov chain theory and generation function and the key system performance characteristics such as mean queue length, cycle time and throughput are explicitly analyzed. Theoretical and simulation results are identical and show that the new protocol achieves a better performance than the existing protocols such as IEEE802.11, IEEE802.15.4, SMAC, PQ-MAC, etc.

Index Terms—WSN, polling, parallel scheduling, exhaustive access policy, gated access policy

Cite: A Priority-based Parallel Schedule Polling MAC for Wireless Sensor Networks, “Zhijun Yang, Longzheng Zhu, Hongwei Ding, and Zheng Guan," Journal of Communications, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 792-797, 2016. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.11.8.792-797