Home > Published Issues > 2024 > Volume 19, No. 3, 2024 >
JCM 2024 Vol.19(3): 127-132
Doi: 10.12720/jcm.19.3.127-132

Indoor Positioning by Deep Q-Network in VLC Environment

Sung Hyun Oh and Jeong Gon Kim*
Department of Electronic Engineering, Tech University of Korea, Si-heung, Republic of Korea
Email: osh119@tukorea.ac.kr (S.H.O.); jgkim@tukorea.ac.kr (J.G.K.)
*Corresponding author

Manuscript received March 3 2023; revised April 5 2023, accepted June 1 2023; published March 8, 2024.

Abstract—With the recent development of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, Internet of Things technology has been widely adopted. In addition, key technologies such as big data, artificial intelligence, and wireless communication are being combined. Positioning technology that uses these technologies is essential for locating human devices in modern industries. Although the Global Positioning System can provide relatively precise positioning outdoors, its performance is limited indoors due to propagation loss. Hence, various wireless signal-based indoor positioning technologies, such as WiFi, Bluetooth, ultra-wideband, and Visible Light Communication (VLC) are being studied. In this study, positioning in indoor VLC environments is analyzed using Deep Q-Network (DQN). Each element of reinforcement learning and the agent's action and reward function are set to increase positioning accuracy. Deep Q-Network (DQN) training is then performed to derive positioning performance. The simulation results show that the proposed model attains a positioning resolution of less than 15 cm and achieves a processing speed of less than 0.03 seconds to obtain the final position in the Visible Light Communication (VLC) environment.

Keywords—Indoor Positioning System (IPS), Artificial Intelligence (AI), Deep Q-Network (DQN), Received Signal Strength (RSS), Visible Light Communication (VLC)

Cite: Sung Hyun Oh and Jeong Gon Kim, “Indoor Positioning by Deep Q-Network in VLC Environment," Journal of Communications, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 127-132, 2024.

Copyright © 2024 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.