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JCM 2023 Vol.18(12): 784-789
Doi: 10.12720/jcm.18.12.784-789

Interference Management with Handover Performance in Heterogeneous Mobile Network

Aya Allah A. Elserwe *, Adly S. Tag El Dein, and Reham S. Saad
Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering at Shoubra, Benha University, Cairo, Egypt; Email: adlymerg@feng.bu.edu.eg (A.S.T.E.D.), reham.naseer@feng.bu.edu.eg (R.S.S.)
*Correspondence: eng.aya.ahmed2012@gmail.com (A.A.A.E.)

Manuscript received June 19, 2023; revised July 25, 2023; accepted August 29, 2023.

Abstract—The next generation of a cellular mobile network requires a higher bandwidth in order to achieve a greater data rate and capacity. The small cell is one of the best solutions to get a high data rate with low signal delay; however, it also suffers from various issues, such as interference. The interference occurs when the femtocells are overlaid on macrocell at the same spectrum, as well as when the user moves across a macrocell overlaid with femtocells. The ongoing call or data session is transferred from one base station to another while maintaining the services. This process is called Handover. In our paper, we explain the interference management techniques, including power control, fractional frequency reuse, and we explain the handover procedures. Finally, we propose an algorithm for interference management that combines the fractional frequency reuse technique with the fixed power control technique then we apply the handover technique in the heterogeneous mobile network to mitigate the interference and dropped calls. Simulation results show that the average throughput, and the spectral efficiency are improved, and the packet loss ratio and the number of handovers is reduced for different velocity by using Matlab program.

Keywords—interference management, handover, heterogeneous network

Cite: Aya Allah A. Elserwe, Adly S. Tag El Dein, and Reham S. Saad, “Interference Management with Handover Performance in Heterogeneous Mobile Network," Journal of Communications, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 784-789, December 2023. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.18.12.784-789

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.