Home > Published Issues > 2023 > Volume 18, No. 10, October 2023 >
JCM 2023 Vol.18(10): 665-675
Doi: 10.12720/jcm.18.10.665-675

A QoS-Aware Energy-Efficient Chimp Optimization Routing Protocol with Efficient Sensor Node Deployment Strategy in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network

Sambath Kumar. R.* and Sivaradje. G.1
Department of ECE, Puducherry Technological University, Puducherry, India; Email: sambath15031991@gmail.com (S.G.)
*Correspondence: shivaradje@ptuniv.edu.in (S.K.R.)

Manuscript received March 29, 2023; revised July 3, 2023; accepted July 10, 2023.

Abstract—As an extension of wireless sensor networks in the underwater environment, Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UASNs) have led to a broad consideration of academicians. One of the problems that lower UWSN effectiveness in terms of network lifespan is premature energy depletion. It might be caused by the network nodes using different amounts of energy. In UASNs, the effectiveness and dependability of data transfer remain so adverse because of the intricate underwater environment in diverse ocean applications like surveilling atypical submarine oil pipelines. Inspired by the significance of UASNs’ quality of service in several implementations, this study proffers a metaheuristic optimization algorithm (AG) called Chimp Optimization-based Routing Protocol (CH-ORP) for UASNs obtaining intricate features of underwater (UW) medium into concern like 3D changing topology, high propagation delay, node mobility, and density, and, also, cluster head nodes’ rotation mechanism. Initially, the entire network (NW) paradigm has been considered as a three-dimensional cube out of a grid point of view, and the three-dimensional cube has been split into several little cubes by employing Delaunay Triangulation. The optimization has been carried out for lessening node failure rate and NW energy consumption rate by ideally placing the sensor nodes in UW acoustic communication. The NW topology’s steadiness has been assured by the AG, and this optimizes the node redeployment scheme by computing the fitness function for all nodes. The proffered AG’s simulation substantiations have been performed for exhibiting the CH-ORP’s efficiency that executes finer when compared to the advanced methodologies concerning energy efficiency, reliability, and end-to-end delay. It has been found that the proposed Ch-ORP achieves 698 packets received with 28% of energy consumption, 156-sec Network delay, 257 packet loss, 97.23% of PDR, and 1256 Mbps of Network throughput.

Keywords—UASN, QoS (quality of service), routing protocol, optimization, clustering, data transfer, CH-ORP, UWE (underwater environment), RCS (relay node candidates), MFP (multifunction peripheral)

Cite: Sambath Kumar. R. and Sivaradje. G., “A QoS-Aware Energy-Efficient Chimp Optimization Routing Protocol with Efficient Sensor Node Deployment Strategy in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network," Journal of Communications vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 665-675, October 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.