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JCM 2023 Vol.18(8): 471-480
Doi: 10.12720/jcm.18.8.471-480

A Non-hierarchical Multipath Routing Protocol Using Fuzzy Logic for Optimal Network Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Network

Mohamed Najmus Saqhib1, * and Lakshmikanth S.2
1.Dept. of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi, India
2. Dept. of Electricals and Electronics Engineering, Acharya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, India; Email: Lakshmikanth18@gmail.com (L.S.)
*Correspondence: Saqhibkhan89@gmail.com (M.N.S.)

Manuscript received February 13, 2023; revised March 7, 2023; accepted March 31, 2023.

Abstract—The prospective integration of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) with the Internet of Things (IoT) in pivotal domains underscores the paramount significance of preserving the network lifespan. Notwithstanding, traditional algorithms evince insufficient energy conservation, necessitating an innovative approach to enhance the energy efficiency of WSN. The research presents a novel sink-initiated decentralized routing framework that enhances network lifespan and mitigates energy consumption by utilizing routing-centric parameters and fuzzy logic. The approach is based on an energy-conscious model that selects initiator nodes from 1-hop neighbors for multiple path formation, thereby damping redundancy in the network. To boost the quality-of-service, forward relay node is chosen amalgamating significant parameters including the total residual energy, radio link quality between the consecutive nodes, and distance to the sink. A fuzzy inference mechanism has been devised to discern the preeminent trajectory from a plethora of possible routes. The mechanism employs discerning descriptors such as End to End latency, link caliber, and progressive advancement towards the sink, to ascertain the path most appropriate for the task at hand. The proposed model called Energy Aware Data Centric Query Driven Receiver initiated (EADQR) routing protocol excels over the conventional methods like AOMDV, OLSR, ZRP and EEDR with increased network throughput, substantial energy utilization and improved rate of packet delivery across all iterations. EADQR outperforms OLSR by 94%, AOMDV by 93%, ZRP by 97%, and EEDR by 87% in terms of network lifetime.

Keywords—non-hierarchical routing, internet of things, flat top routing, sink initiated routing

Cite: Mohamed Najmus Saqhib and Lakshmikanth S., “A Non-hierarchical Multipath Routing Protocol Using Fuzzy Logic for Optimal Network Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Network," Journal of Communications vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 471-480, August 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.