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Investigation of 5G Wireless Communication with Dust and Sand Storms

Zainab Sh. Hammed 1,2*, Siddeeq Y. Ameen 1, and Subhi R. M. Zeebaree 1
1. Department of Energy Engineering, Technical College of Engineering, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
2. Department of Electrical and Computer, College of Engineering, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Manuscript received August 1, 2022; revised December 14,2022;accepted January 2, 2023.

Abstract —The demands for higher throughput, data rate, low latency, and capacity in 5G communication systems prompt the use of millimeter-wave frequencies that range from 3–300 GHz with spatial multiplexing and beamforming. To get the maximum benefit from this technology, it’s important to study all the challenges of using mm-wave for 5G and beyond. One of the most important impacts is weather conditions such as humidity, temperature, dust, and sand storms. This study investigates the parameters of the channel model and its statistical behavior with the effect of dust and sand storms. The latter effects can be considered the main challenges these days, especially in middle-eastern countries. A 128 x 128 massive MIMO with URA (uniformly spaced rectangular antenna arrays) uniformly spaced has been considered in the simulation assessment with mm-wave channels operating at 28 GHz and 73GHz are examined by using NYUSIM (New York University Wireless Simulator) software. The simulation results show that the dust increases the attenuation and the path loss when working at higher frequencies compared to the clear weather conditions. Moreover, their effect can be reduced by adapting the transmitted power.
Index Terms—5G, mm-Wave, NYUSIM, Massive-MIMO and channel modeling, dust and sand storm.

Cite: Zainab Sh. Hammed, Siddeeq Y. Ameen, and Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, "Investigation of 5G Wireless Communication with Dust and Sand Storms," Journal of Communications vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 36-46, January 2023. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.18.1.36-46

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.