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A Virtual Projection-Based Incentive Routing Protocol for Mobile PFNs in Wireless Sensor Networks

Niranjan L 1 and Manoj Priyatham M 2
1. Dept. of ECE, CMR Institute of Technological, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2. Dept. of ECE, APS College of Engineering, Bangalore, India

Abstract—The current Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) lacks the desired power owning to the non-availability of the power source. The challenge posed in the current scenario is conserving power for effective data transfer, which is seldom achieved. Added to the owes is the evolving technological innovations where the physical size of the Packet Forwarding Nodes (PFNs) is also reduced along with its power source, thereby reducing the power available to the system and making it inefficient. The existing methodology employed in monitoring the parameters used in Epidemic Algorithm (EA) and Incentive Compatible Routing Protocol (ICRP) protocols which are power guzzlers, the power available for data transfer is greatly reduced making the entire system inefficient. This paper attempts to mitigate the challenges posed by the EA & ICRP, the proposed protocol, “Incentive Routing Protocol with Virtual Projection (IRPVP)”, employs a Relay Sensing Node (RSN) which is designed to be distributed in a square cross-sectional area where each node acts as a unique Sensing Point (SP) monitoring each of the essential parameters like energy consumption, vibrant & non-vibrant SPN count, residual energy and routing overhead while still retaining power for data transfer since the RSN is connected to a dedicated power source. In IRPVP protocol, each packet of a node is subdivided into fragments that are designed to have fixed or variable lengths depending upon the application. Each of these packets is sent over multiple Packet Forwarding Nodes (PFNs) towards the data center. The selection of PFNs in the path is based on their trust levels like meeting probability, computation of residual energy, data weight, and security value. Special PFNs are placed in the network and are entrusted to deliver the packets to the data center without data loss during transmission. The result of the IRPVP protocol Vis-à-Vis the EA & ICRP protocol, backed by the simulation results proves that the IRPVP protocol is better in data handling and is more efficient.
Index Terms—Packet forwarding nodes, Epidemic algorithm, Incentive compatible routing protocol, wireless sensor networks

Cite: Niranjan L and Manoj Priyatham M, "A Virtual Projection-Based Incentive Routing Protocol for Mobile PFNs in Wireless Sensor Networks," Journal of Communications vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 985-994, December 2022. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.17.12.985-994

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