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LoRaWAN Network Planning at Frequency 920-923 MHz for Electric Smart Meter: Study Case in Indonesia Industrial Estate

Puspa Rahmawati 1, Alfin Hikmaturokhman 1, Khoirun Ni’amah 1, and Muhammad Imam Nashiruddin 2
1. Telecommunication Engineering Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Purwokerto 53147, Indonesia
2. School of Electrical Engineering, Telkom University, Bandung, Indonesia

Abstract—This paper plans a LoRaWAN network for smart meters in Karawang Industrial Estate, Indonesia's largest industrial estate. To measure and recognize electricity use in a place immediately, we use a tool called a smart meter, which is part of the Internet of Things (IoT), to provide control and optimization of electricity. Smart meters will operate using LoRaWAN network connectivity as a LoRaWAN communication protocol that supports IoT use at a frequency of 920-923 MHz using coverage planning and capacity planning using Forsk Atoll 3.3.2 simulation software. The parameters used in this study are Spreading Factor (SF) 7, Code Rate (CR) 4/5, Bandwidth 125 kHz, Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR), and Reference Signal Received Power (RSRP). We use them to obtain the number of gateways needed to optimize the scope of gateways for sending electricity monitoring data to Karawang Industrial Estate and knowing the value generated from the parameters above. The simulation of LoRaWAN planning resulted in RSRP with a mean of-77.94 dBm and a standard deviation of 8.27 dBm. The SNR result has a mean of 13.14 dB with a standard deviation of 9.68 dB. The last parameter is that throughput ranges of 4-6 kbps with a mean of 5.47 kbps. The result of this planning produces RSRP, SNR, and Throughput parameter values in good condition to be applied to the application of smart metering in Karawang Industrial Estate.
Index Terms—LoRaWAN, spreading factor, gateway, smart meter, karawang industrial estate, IoT

Cite: Puspa Rahmawati, Alfin Hikmaturokhman, Khoirun Ni'amah, and Muhammad Imam Nashiruddin, "LoRaWAN Network Planning at Frequency 920-923 MHz for Electric Smart Meter: Study Case in Indonesia Industrial Estate," Journal of Communications vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 222-229, March 2022. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.17.3.222-229

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