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EC2STO: Enhanced Congestion Control approach for Throughput Optimization in Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks (IWSNs)

Gaspard Gashema 1, Leopord Hakizimana 2, and Marie Chantal Uwayezu 3,4
1. Department of Computer Science, Institut d'Enseignement Supérieur de Ruhengeri, Musanze and Po Box: 155 Ruhengeri, Rwanda
2. School of Computing and Information Technology, University of Kigali/Musanze Campus, Musanze and Po Box: 2611 Kigali, Rwanda
3. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wuhan, 430070, Wuhan, People Republic of China
4. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Rwanda Polytechnic/Integrated Polytechnic and Regional College-Ngoma (RP/IPRC-Ngoma) and Po Box: 35 Kibungo, Ngoma, Rwanda

Abstract—Congestion has become a major challenge in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), specifically in industrial applications, due to the different processing capacities of sensor nodes within a network. Such ineffectiveness reduces the overall performance of the network. Thus, congestion needs to be controlled. A scalable approach to control the packet traffic in industrial WSNs (IWSNs) is proposed in this paper. Relay nodes are introduced to the IWSN to boost the packet transmission rate. Furthermore, the introduced sensor nodes are systematically arranged to form a tree-like topology for network reliability and flexibility. The communication between nodes is executed under the AN1066 MiWi protocol (protocol of the IEEE 802.15.4 family). Simulations using MATLAB showed that the proposed approach outperforms the existing congestion control algorithm. This is because the employed relay nodes and AN1066 MiWi protocol render the proposed approach more effective than the congestion control algorithm, which involves assigning a fixed capacity to every link between nodes, causing a wastage of the link capacity in case nodes that are not transmitting packets exist in the network.
Index Terms—AN1066 MiWi, congestion control, energy efficiency, IWSNs, throughput optimization

Cite: Gaspard Gashema, Leopord Hakizimana, and Marie Chantal Uwayezu, "EC2STO: Enhanced Congestion Control approach for Throughput Optimization in Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks (IWSNs)," Journal of Communications vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 110-116, February 2022. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.17.2.110-116

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