Home > Published Issues > 2020 > Volume 15, No. 5, May 2020 >

Review in FBMC to Enhance the Performance of 5G Networks

Saif A. Khudhair1 and Mandeep Jit Singh2
1. Centre of Advanced Electronic and Communication Engineering (PAKET), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
2. Space Science Centre (ANGKASA), Institute of Climate Change, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstract—The meet on the high demand of wireless communication is the topic of research in future wireless networks. This high demand comes from the increase use of mobile devices and sensors in the real environment. Internet of Things (IoT) and machine communication are the types of technologies that increase the wireless communication demand. Because of this, there is a need of producing some techniques and technologies that are able to meet this requirement. Fifth Generation (5G) network is the future promising wireless network that can be used to enhance a lot of performance metrics such as spectral and energy efficiencies, high capacity and low latency. Some technologies are used with 5G network; one of them is the use of short-range communication using Millimeter waves (mm-wave) frequency bands which gives a high data rate and high bandwidth to be used in communication by using small cells of coverage. Massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (M-MIMO) is the technology used to meet the high capacity users in the network; it suffers from the high Inter-Carrier-Interference (ICI) due to the use high number of antennas at the Base Station (BS). To mitigate this, the use of multicarrier waveforms is one of the techniques used in this area of research. The mobility of any wireless networks is also an important issue to deal when designing or evaluating of any wireless system. The high mobility scenario is also one of the essentials of 5G networks; the challenge of meeting the high mobility requirements is the high Doppler shifts. Interference in high mobility and the use of massive MIMO comes from the use of Cyclic Prefix (CP) in building Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM). Thus, a new multi-carrier technique to overcome this challenge and make the transmission more reliable, accurate with less time and high packet ratio delivery is introduced and used. Waveform design is an essential component of the air interface and it has been widely studied in researches to satisfy the requirements towards 5G. OFDM can be generated using CP and Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT) to combat severe multipath fading. The use of Filtered-OFDM such as Filter-Bank Multi-Carrier (FBMC) can overcome this drawback. In this review, the use of FBMC to enhance the performance of 5G networks is introduced with mention to some trends topics such as Cognitive Radio (CR) and massive MIMO that FBMC can be used with to enhance the communication.
Index Terms—FBMC, OFDM, massive MIMO, V2V, ICI

Cite: Saif A. Khudhair and Mandeep Jit Singh, "Review in FBMC to Enhance the Performance of 5G Networks," Journal of Communications vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 415-426, May 2020. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.15.5.415-426

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.