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Fast and Distributed Power Control Algorithm in Underlay Cognitive Radio Networks

Omar B. Abdulghafoor1, Mahamod Ismail1, Rosdiadee Nordin1 , and Musbah M. R. Shaat2
1.Department of Electrical, Electronic and System Engineering, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia
2.Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya (CTTC), Barcelona - Spain

Abstract—The power allocation in an underlay cognitive radio network rises up several challenges due to rapid utilization of the available spectrum hole. In this paper, we propose a non-cooperative power-game algorithm to solve the power allocation problem in an underlay cognitive radio network with two main objectives: (i) to provide good quality of service to cognitive radio nodes, and (ii) to protect the transmission of primary users from the interference generated by nearby cognitive radio. These objectives have been assured by including the following constraints: transmit power on each cognitive node, acceptable aggregate interference at the primary’ receiver and quality of service at the cognitive radio’ receiver. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is more convenient in the distributed manner because of its faster convergence in terms of power and the received SINR. Cheating scenario has been tested as well. Moreover, existence and uniqueness for the Nash Equilibrium have been proved mathematically and by simulation as well.

Index Terms—Underlay transmission, cognitive radio, power allocation, nash equilibrium, pricing theory.

Cite: Omar B. Abdulghafoor, Mahamod Ismail, Rosdiadee Nordin, and Musbah M. R. Shaat, "Fast and Distributed Power Control Algorithm in Underlay Cognitive Radio Networks," Journal of Communications, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 634-643, 2014. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.9.8.634-643