Abstract— The paper analyzes the energy consumption impact of introducing heterogeneous elements to a homogeneous deployment. Two contrasting low energy heterogeneous architectures are investigated: small cells (Small-Nets) and wireless relays. The investigation employs a multi-cell multi-user dynamic LTE simulator and both deployments are investigated for a range of urban trafﬁc loads. The paper shows that compared to a homogeneous baseline deployment of micro-cells, both deployments reduce the total radio network energy consumption signiﬁcantly (50 to 60%). The Small-Net approach reduces energy consumption by deploying more low power cells with a macro-overlay and achieves increased network capacity by spectrum reuse. The relaying approach reduces energy consumption by deploying fewer macro-cells and increases network capacity through increasing cell-edge performance.
A combination of deployment factors were investigated in order to ﬁnd the lowest energy architecture within the heterogeneous deployments. For a range of targeted trafﬁc loads, it was found that the lowest energy solution depends on the percentage of high mobility trafﬁc. If the percentage of high-mobility users is below 8%, the Small-Net architecture is the lowest energy architecture. Otherwise, the wireless cell-edge relaying concept offers a greater energy reduction. The paper also presents theoretical upper-bounds on energy reduction for a ﬁxed and changing deployment.
Index Terms— cellular network, heterogeneous, energy efﬁ¬ciency, architecture, simulation
Cite:Weisi Guo and Tim O'Farrell, "Small-Net vs. Relays in a Heterogeneous Low Energy LTE Architecture ," Journal of Communications, vol. 7, no.10, pp.716-725, 2012. Doi: 10.4304/jcm.7.10.716-725
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