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LLA: A New High Precision Mobile Node Localization Algorithm Based on TOA

Ruixue Li 1 and Zhiyi Fang 3
College of Computer Science and Technology, Jilin University, Changchun, China
Key Laboratory of Symbolic Computation and Knowledge Engineering of Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun, China

Abstract—Mobile node localization is one of the challenging and crucial issues in wireless sensor networks. The paper proposed a new approach to mobile localization, called LLA (Lee Localization Algorithm), to mitigate TOA measurement errors. The algorithm was divided into three phases: (1) pre-ranging algorithm was proposed to initialize localization by employing TOA method; (2) refinement algorithm was designed to filter out bad nodes; (3) smallest circle covering algorithm was developed to deal with good nodes to complete the localization. Experimental results show that the presented approach efficiently eliminates the effects of the measurement bias and obtains a high accuracy of 2m as well as low complexity, outperforming traditional trilateration.

Index Terms—wireless sensor networks (WSNs), mobile node localization, localization accuracy, TOA, trilateration

Cite: Abolfazl Mehbodniya, Sonia A¨ıssa, and Jalil Chitizadeh , "A Location-Aware Vertical Handoff Algorithm for Hybrid Networks," Journal of Communications, vol. 5, no. 8, pp.604-611, 2010. Doi: 10.4304/jcm.5.8.604-611