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Comparative Review of Routing Protocols in MANET for Future Research in Disaster Management

Abdul Majid Soomro 1, Mohd Farhan Bin Md. Fudzee 1, Muzammil Hussain 2, Hafiz Muhammad Saim 3, Gohar Zaman 1, Atta-ur-Rahman 4, Haya AlUbaidan 4, and Majed Nabil 4
1. Department of Computer Science, FSKTM, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia
2. School of Systems and Technology, Department of Computer Science, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
3. Department of Computer Science, Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan
4. Department of Computer Science (CS), College of Computer Science and Information Technology (CCSIT), Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, P.O. Box 1982, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia

Abstract—A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a non-centralized, self-organized, and self-managed wireless ad hoc network that is used in a specific circumstance. The changing nature of the network's architecture and nodes necessitates a routing protocol to ensure efficient source-to-destination communication. MANET manipulates different sectors of life such as rescue and emergency operations, real-time information, interpersonal communication, network portioning, and catastrophe management due to its ad hoc and non-identical uses. Routing and maintenance are critical parts of effective time management and considered research study for MANET communication. This study focuses on the routing and maintenance process of MANET that has dynamic change in topology and nodes to deliver data rapidly. The motivational component of MANET for the research is route discovery, and several techniques have been proposed for it. Each has higher expectations than the other. This comparative analysis reveals issues for route discovery and maintenance of MANET communication, such as whether one is better in different network conditions than the others. This study examines the literature on MANET route discovery and maintenance strategies. As a result, a comparison of several routing protocol techniques is made. To achieve improvement, these methods include some suggestions for performance improvement using routing protocols especially in disaster management. This study presents directions for future experimentation, which will be pursued to identify the most advantageous collection of tactics for meeting the needs of various applications.
Index Terms—MANET, routing protocols, topology, disaster management, ad-hoc networking

Cite: Abdul Majid Soomro, Mohd Farhan Bin Md. Fudzee, Muzammil Hussain, Hafiz Muhammad Saim, Gohar Zaman, Atta-ur-Rahman, Haya AlUbaidan, and Majed Nabil, "Comparative Review of Routing Protocols in MANET for Future Research in Disaster Management," Journal of Communications vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 734-744, September 2022. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.17.9.734-744

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