Home > Published Issues > 2021 > Volume 16, No. 12, December 2021 >

Design and Simulation of Optimal Number of Small Cells Deployment in Fourth-Generation Cellular Networks

Mohamed Ibrahim Shujaa 1, Nada Qasim Mohammed 2, Moustafa K. Ibrahim 2, and Qasim Mohammed Hussein 3
1. Middle Technical University, Electrical Engineering Technical College, Baghdad, Iraq
2. Al-Nisour University College, Baghdad, Iraq
3. Tikrit University, Salah Adin, Iraq

Abstract—In next-generation of wireless communication systems, Fifth-Generation (5G), small cells deployment is one of the most important issues that must be taking in the account. This paper discusses this issue in three aspects. First, it aims to derive the Critical Handover Location (CHL) point for neighbouring wireless stations which in turn is considered an entrance to the second aspect of this work that decides the small cell placement in one network. Finally, the work proposed a new approach to evaluating the Number of Small Cells (NRS) deployment mathematically. The proposed approach provides the balance in resources allocation in the network in terms of transmitted power of each small cell and their placement in order to provide maximum capacity and coverage area with a lower level of interference between nearest wireless stations thus decreasing the total cost of network insulation.

Index Terms—Cellular networks, CHL, handover, NRS, small cells deployment

Cite: Mohamed Ibrahim Shujaa, Nada Qasim Mohammed, Moustafa K. Ibrahim, and Qasim Mohammed Hussein, "Design and Simulation of Optimal Number of Small Cells Deployment in Fourth-Generation Cellular Networks," Journal of Communications vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 583-588, December 2021. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.16.12.583-588

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.