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Ultra-Wideband Time-of-Arrival and Angle-of-Arrival Estimation Using Transformation Between Frequency and Time Domain Signals

Naohiko Iwakiri and Takehiko Kobayashi
Tokyo Denki University, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8457, Japan

Abstract—This paper presents an ultra wideband (UWB) channel sounding scheme with a technique for time of arrival (TOA) and angle of arrival (AOA) estimation using transformation between time and frequency domain signals. Since the measured UWB power spectrum can be transformed into a time domain signal, both frequency and time domain signals are available for the channel estimation. We propose the TOA estimation using a peak search over time domain signal, and the AOA estimation using MUSIC and AOA histograms. The AOA histogram is counted for AOA samples of discrete frequencies over the UWB bandwidth. Comparing both AOA histograms before and after TOA subtraction, we can determine pairing the elements of TOA vector and those of AOA vector. The anechoic chamber tests indicated that both TOAs and AOAs were precisely resolved for two-path model, even if either TOAs or AOAs were too close to resolve.

Index Terms— Angle of arrival, antenna arrays, Cramér– Rao Bound (CRB), multiple signal classification (MUSIC), radio channel measurement and estimation, time of arrival, ultrawide- band (UWB) propagation

Cite:Naohiko Iwakiri and Takehiko Kobayashi, "Ultra-Wideband Time-of-Arrival and Angle-of-Arrival Estimation Using Transformation Between Frequency and Time Domain Signals," Journal of Communications, vol. 3, no.1, pp.12-19, 2008. Doi: 10.4304/jcm.3.1.12-19


 

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