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Null-Steering Beamformers for Suppressing Unknown Direction Interferences in Sidelobes

Luyen V. Tong 1, Kha M. Kha 1, Cuong V. Nguyen 1, Trung L. Nguyen 2, and Giang B. V. Truong 2
1. Hanoi University of Industry, Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam
2. Vietnam National University, Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam

Abstract—This paper proposes an efficient null-steering beamformer for adaptive pattern synthesis of uniform linear arrays based on binary bat algorithm (BBA) and the amplitude-only control of array excitation weights. The proposed beamformer is able to suppress unknown direction interferences in the sidelobes while simultaneously maintaining the main lobe and suppressing the sidelobes. The performance of the proposal has been investigated via a couple of scenarios including operation speed and adaptive null-steering ability with or without the effect of mutual coupling in half-wave dipole uniform linear arrays (DULA). The simulation results have proved that the proposed beamformer is a promising approach for adaptive pattern synthesis in the case of interference suppression. In addition, this proposal outperforms those using binary particle swarm optimization (BPSO) on the operation speed and null-steering efficiency.
Index Terms—Array pattern synthesis, bat algorithm, beamforming, interference suppression, null-steering, pattern nulling, ULA antennas

Cite: Luyen V. Tong, Kha M. Kha, Cuong V. Nguyen, Trung L. Nguyen, and Giang B. V. Truong, "Null-Steering Beamformers for Suppressing Unknown Direction Interferences in Sidelobes," Journal of Communications vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 600-607, August 2022. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.17.8.600-607

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