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Development of Scalable IoT-Based Smart Home Infrastructure Using ESP-Mesh

Syifaul Fuada1 and Hendriyana2
1. Program Studi Sistem Telekomunikasi, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia
2. Program Studi Rekayasa Perangkat Lunak, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia

Abstract—All household appliances in the Industrial 4.0 era such as lights, curtains, fans, and others are being connected to the internet to allow users to control them through a smartphone. This has led to several intense and continuous studies on IoTbased smart homes to determine the ideal platform and system to provide excellent performance in terms of functionality and electronics such as power consumption, data throughput, distance, interoperability, flexibility, reconfigurable protocols, costs, and others. Therefore, this study was conducted to develop an IoTbased smart home system’s infrastructure using the ESP8266 module (Wemos D1 mini) which is a microcontroller integrated into a Wi-Fi module. Moreover, ESP-mesh was used for communication to make the smart home system more scalable and modular. This is necessary to ensure the home remains connected when one node is disconnected due to the fact that the node within the mesh topology is fully connected and has the ability to forward data. The infrastructure contains hardware (node), software, and user interface. The nodes were further divided into three parts which are mechanical-based such as electric door lock, electrical-based such as fan, power socket, or plug, and sensors such as humidity & temperature sensor. Furthermore, the system was evaluated for functionality, power consumption during idle/active processes, RSSI of each node, and mesh connection. The performances were later compared with the findings of previous study on IoT-based Smart Home.

Index Terms—Internet-of-Things (IoT), ESP-MESH, ESP8266, smart home

Cite: Syifaul Fuada and Hendriyana, "Development of Scalable IoT-Based Smart Home Infrastructure Using ESP-Mesh," Journal of Communications vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 373-385, May 2022. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.17.5.373-385

Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.