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Performance Analysis of Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks in Urban Scenarios

Dang Van Anh 1, Nguyen Duy Tan 1, Cong-Doan Truong 2, Nguyen Van Hau 1, and Vu Khanh Quy 1
1. Hung Yen University of Technology and Education, Hungyen, Vietnam
2. International School, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam

Abstract—Device-to-Device (D2D) is one of the emerging technologies expected to have significant contributions to the future of the Internet. The combination of personal mobile devices and D2D communications forms the Mobile Ad-hoc Network architecture, called MANETs. Nowadays, due to the flexibility and simplicity of establishing data transmission, MANETs are applied in various areas such as healthcare, intelligent transportation systems, tactical, smart retail, and smart agriculture. In practice, due to the mobility of network nodes, the network structure often changes, and the performance of MANETs is relatively low. Routing is one of the significant challenges of MANETs. In this study, we perform a comprehensive analysis of the traditional routing protocols for MANETs. Based on the analysis results, we obtained a common framework for designing routing protocols for MANETs. To visualize the efficiencies of protocols under variable network traffic, we performed a simulation to compare the performance of typical protocols, including AODV, DSR, and OLSR. The obtained results again demonstrated that on-demand-based routing protocols are suitable for dynamic topology networks. We hope that this work will be an essential guide in researching and proposing energy-saving, secure, and QoS routing protocols for MANETs in the future.
Index Terms—High-Performance, routing protocol, MANETs

Cite: Dang Van Anh, Nguyen Duy Tan, Cong-Doan Truong, Nguyen Van Hau, and Vu Khanh Quy, "Performance Analysis of Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks in Urban Scenarios," Journal of Communications vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 545-552, December 2021. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.16.12.545-552

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.