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Enhanced Error Reduction of Signal Power Loss During Electromagnetic Propagation: Architectural Composition and Learning Rate Selection

Virginia C. Ebhota and Viranjay M. Srivastava
Department of Electronic Engineering, Howard College, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban-4041, South Africa

Abstract—This research work analyses the effect of the architectural composition of Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) Artificial Neural Network (ANN) combined with the effect of the learning rate for effective prediction of signal power loss during electromagnetic signal propagation. A single hidden layer and two hidden layers of MLP ANN have been considered. Different configurations of the neural network architecture ranging from 4 to 100 for both MLP networks have been analyzed. The required hidden layer neurons for optimal training of a single layer multi-layer network were 40 neurons with 0.99670 coefficient of correlation and 1.28020 standard deviations, while [68 72] trained two hidden layers multi-layer perceptron with 0.98880 coefficient of correlation and standard deviation of 1.42820. Different learning rates were also adopted for the network training. The results further validate better MLP neural network training for signal power loss prediction using single-layer perceptron network compared to two hidden layers perceptron network with the coefficient of correlation of 0.99670 for single-layer network and 0.9888 for two hidden layers network. Furthermore, the learning rate of 0.003 shows the best training capability with lower mean squared error and higher training regression compared to other values of learning rate used for both single layer and two hidden layers perceptron MLP networks.
Index Terms—Architectural composition, Learning rate, Error reduction, Signal power loss, Bayesian Regularization, MLP

Cite: Virginia C. Ebhota and Viranjay M. Srivastava, "Enhanced Error Reduction of Signal Power Loss During Electromagnetic Propagation: Architectural Composition and Learning Rate Selection," Journal of Communications vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 450-456, October 2021. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.16.10.450-456

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.