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ADynamicParallel-rendezvousMACMechanism in Multi-rate Cognitive Radio Networks: Mechanism Design and Performance Evaluation

Lei Jiao and Frank Y. Li
Dept. of Information and Communication Technology, University of Agder (UiA), N-4898 Grimstad, Norway

Abstract—Parallel rendezvous multi-channel MAC mecha¬nisms are regarded as an efficient method for media access control in cognitive radio networks since they do not need a control channel and use only one transceiver. However, existing parallel rendezvous MAC mechanisms assume that all channels have the same maximum capacity and channel availability for secondary users. In this paper, we propose a dynamic parallel rendezvous multi-channel MAC mecha¬nism for synchronized multi-rate cognitive radio networks in which secondary users jump among different channels according to their own distinct hopping sequences and a node can adjust its hopping sequence according to channel conditions, in order to achieve higher system capacity. A Markov chain based model is designed to analyze the system capacity of the proposed mechanism. Numerical results show that the new mechanism can significantly improve system capacity of cognitive radio networks, compared with the traditional channel hopping MAC mechanisms.

Index Terms— Cognitive radio networks, MAC mechanism, Dynamic parallel-rendezvous, Markov chain, Performance evaluation.

Cite:Lei Jiao and Frank Y. Li, "ADynamicParallel-rendezvousMACMechanism in Multi-rate Cognitive Radio Networks: Mechanism Design and Performance Evaluation ," Journal of Communications, vol. 4, no.10, pp.752-765 , 2009. Doi: 10.4304/jcm.4.10.752-765

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