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A Location-Aware Vertical Handoff Algorithm for Hybrid Networks

Abolfazl Mehbodniya 1, Sonia A¨ıssa 2, and Jalil Chitizadeh 3
1. INRS-EMT, University of Quebec, Montreal, QC, Canada.
2. King Abdullah Univ. of Science and Technology (KAUST), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
3. Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract— One of the main objectives of wireless networking is to provide mobile users with a robust connection to different networks so that they can move freely between heterogeneous networks while running their computing applications with no interruption. Horizontal handoff, or generally speaking handoff, is a process which maintains a mobile user’s active connection as it moves within a wireless network, whereas vertical handoff (VHO) refers to handover between different types of networks or different network layers. Optimizing VHO process is an im¬portant issue, required to reduce network signalling and mobile device power consumption as well as to improve network quality of service (QoS) and grade of service (GoS). In this paper, a VHO algorithm in multitier (overlay) networks is proposed. This algorithm uses pattern recognition to estimate user’s position, and decides on the handoff based on this information. For the pattern recognition algorithm structure, the probabilistic neural network (PNN) which has considerable simplicity and efficiency over existing pattern classifiers is used. Further optimization is proposed to improve the performance of the PNN algorithm. Performance analysis and comparisons with the existing VHO algorithm are provided and demonstrate a significant improve¬ment with the proposed algorithm. Furthermore, incorporating the proposed algorithm, a structure is proposed for VHO from the medium access control (MAC) layer point of view.

Index Terms— Vertical handoff, Handoff, Mobile positioning, Overlay networks, 4G wireless networks, Heterogeneous net¬works

Cite:

Abstract— One of the main objectives of wireless networking is to provide mobile users with a robust connection to different networks so that they can move freely between heterogeneous networks while running their computing applications with no interruption. Horizontal handoff, or generally speaking handoff, is a process which maintains a mobile user’s active connection as it moves within a wireless network, whereas vertical handoff (VHO) refers to handover between different types of networks or different network layers. Optimizing VHO process is an im¬portant issue, required to reduce network signalling and mobile device power consumption as well as to improve network quality of service (QoS) and grade of service (GoS). In this paper, a VHO algorithm in multitier (overlay) networks is proposed. This algorithm uses pattern recognition to estimate user’s position, and decides on the handoff based on this information. For the pattern recognition algorithm structure, the probabilistic neural network (PNN) which has considerable simplicity and efficiency over existing pattern classifiers is used. Further optimization is proposed to improve the performance of the PNN algorithm. Performance analysis and comparisons with the existing VHO algorithm are provided and demonstrate a significant improve¬ment with the proposed algorithm. Furthermore, incorporating the proposed algorithm, a structure is proposed for VHO from the medium access control (MAC) layer point of view.

Index Terms— Vertical handoff, Handoff, Mobile positioning, Overlay networks, 4G wireless networks, Heterogeneous net¬works

Cite: Abolfazl Mehbodniya, Sonia A¨ıssa, and Jalil Chitizadeh , "A Location-Aware Vertical Handoff Algorithm for Hybrid Networks," Journal of Communications, vol. 5, no. 7, pp.521-529, 2010. Doi: 10.4304/jcm.5.7.521-529


  

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