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Power and Subcarrier Allocation for Multicast Service in OFDMA Decode-and-Forward Relay Systems

Ying Wang , Xianfeng Liu , Fuwen Pang , and Bin Lin
Department of Information and Science Technology, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, China
Abstract—Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Access (OFDMA) relay system is a promising technique for increasing the capacity and the range of wireless communication systems. Dynamic resource allocation for OFDMA relay systems plays an important role in improving the system performance. However, most of the resource allocation algorithms are designed for the unicast traffics, and resource allocation algorithm for multicast traffics in OFDMA relay systems has received little attention. In this paper, the resource allocation problem for the decode-and-forward relay assisted OFDMA multicast system is considered. Our goal is to maximize the sum rate of the multicast system under the constraints of total power limit and exclusive subcarrier usage. The multicast resource allocation problem is formulated as a mixed integer programming problem. The problem is firstly solved by using Lagrangian dual decomposition method, resulting in an asymptotically optimal joint subcarrier and power allocation algorithm with computational complexity being linear with the number of multicast groups and subcarriers. Furthermore, a low complexity suboptimal resource allocation algorithm is presented to further reduce the computational complexity. Simulation results show that both the proposed optimal and suboptimal algorithms can significantly improve the system performance and the proposed suboptimal algorithm can achieve a near optimal solution.

Index Terms—OFDMA, multicast, resource allocation, decode-and-forward .

Cite: Ying Wang, Xianfeng Liu, Fuwen Pang, and Bin Lin, "Power and Subcarrier Allocation for Multicast Service in OFDMA Decode-and-Forward Relay Systems," Journal of Communications, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 177-183, 2013. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.8.3.177-183
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