Abstract—In this paper, we propose a cross-layer design which combines adaptive modulation and coding (AMC) at the physical layer with a hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) protocol at the data link layer to minimize the packet error rate (PER) and maximize the spectral efficiency. By using Markov model to predict the channel condition of next frame according to the second order statistics characteristics of the former frame, we calculate the conditional probability density function and joint probability density function of signal to noise ratio (SNR). Further, we derive the packet error rate and average spectral efficiency in closed-form for transmission over Nakagami-m fading channels. Numerical results show that the proposed scheme can obtain lower PER and higher spectral efficiency compared with traditional HARQ protocols. The cross-layer design scheme combing type-III HARQ with AMC can achieve the highest spectral efficiency and the lowest PER than type-I HARQ and type-II HARQ.
Index Terms—HARQ, AMC, Nakagami-m Fading Channel, Cross-Layer Design, Markov Model
Cite:Cui-Qin Dai, Yu Rao, Li Jiang, Qian-Bin Chen, and Qiong Huang, "Cross-Layer Design of Combining HARQ with Adaptive Modulation and Coding for Nakagami-m Fading Channels," Journal of Communications, vol. 7, no.6, pp.458-463, 2012. Doi: 10.4304/jcm.7.6.458-463
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