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Analysis of Energy Consumption and Evaluation of Metric Parameters of Routing Protocols in Ad hoc (MANET) Networks Using: NS2 Simulator

A. Mouiz, A. Badri, A. Baghdad, and A. Sahel
EEA&TI Laboratory, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques (FSTM) BP 146, Mohammedia, 20650 Morocco
Abstract—MANET networks represent a technological revolution in measurement instruments resulting from the convergence of miniaturized electronic systems and wireless communication systems. Despite the many advantages of wireless sensor networks in many areas, they have many problems such as managing the power consumption of mobile devices, selecting the routing protocol, limiting bandwidth and the shortest path. In order to guarantee a good quality of service, to ensure the routing of the information and to prolong the lifetime of the entire network, the analysis of the performances of the protocols is the main step to make before selecting a particular protocol. Therefore, the selected protocol should have the best results in terms of delivery and data integrity. Indeed, the purpose of our experiments is to examine and quantify the effects of various factors and their interactions on the overall performance of ad hoc networks. This article presents a performance analysis of three types of routing protocols namely, OLSR, TORA, and ZRP, which are evaluated and simulated according to a well-defined scenario using the NS2 simulator. The results of the simulation give a better performance of the protocols studied according to the packet delivery rate, the average end-to-end delay, and the throughput.


Index Terms—MANET, Wireless Sensor Network, Energy consumption, Routing, Performance metric, PDF, EED, Throughput, NS2.


Cite: A. Mouiz, A. Badri, A. Baghdad, and A. Sahel, “Analysis of Energy Consumption and Evaluation of Metric Parameters of Routing Protocols in Ad hoc (MANET) Networks Using: NS2 Simulator,” Journal of Communications vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1067-1074, 2019. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.14.11.1067-1074.
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