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A Review of Microwave Cross Polarization in Sand and Dust Storms

Abdulwaheed Musa1,2, Babu Sena Paul 1
1. Institute for Intelligent Systems, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
2. Centre for Telecommunication Research and Development, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria
Abstract—This paper presents a review of cross polarization in sand and dust storms (SDS). Relevant past works have been identified and their contributions to microwave cross polarization have been highlighted. Attention was given to semi-empirical models since they are used most readily for statistical predictions in design applications. The cross polarization mechanisms and parameters are also presented as well as a discussion about the advantages and the constraints of some of the models and their methodologies. Modified cross polarization discrimination (XPD) models for both terrestrial and slant links are proposed. Besides, the gaps in knowledge are established and the outlook of this topic in future is also suggested.

Index Terms—Cross polarization, microwave, attenuation, phase rotation, cross polarization discrimination, sand and dust storms, propagation.

Cite: Abdulwaheed Musa and Babu Sena Paul, “A Review of Microwave Cross Polarization in Sand and Dust Storms,”Journal of Communications vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1026-1033, 2019. Doi: 10.12720/jcm.14.11.1026-1033.
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