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Quasi-Orthogonal Space-Time Block Code with Givens Rotation for SC-FDE Transmission in Frequency Selective Fading Channels

Jianwen Gao and Yong Bai
College of Information Science and Technology, Hainan University, Haikou, Hainan 570228, China
Abstract—Conventional space-time block codes are normally designed and studied for Rayleigh flat fading channels. As Single Carrier Frequency-Domain Equalization (SC-FDE) can help to combat the Inter-Symbol Interference (ISI) caused by multipath radio channels, this paper investigates quasi-orthogonal space-time block code (QOSTBC) with Givens rotation in order to enhance the reliability of the SC-FDE transmission in the frequency selective fading channels. To use QOSTBC with Givens rotation for the SC-FDE system, the encoding is performed on the data block basis, and we derive the corresponding decoding method performing in the frequency domain at the receiver. With Givens rotation, the correlation of channel equivalent matrix is eliminated, and the decoding can be performed with linear combiner at the receiver. Such a proposed scheme can achieve full rate transmission and provide high diversity gain. Simulation results show that the BER performance of the proposed scheme is better than QOSTBC for four transmit antennas, and is better than OSTBC (orthogonal space-time block code) in the low SNR regime.

Index Terms—quasi-orthogonal space-time block code; single-carrier frequency domain equalization; frequency selective fading

Cite: Jianwen Gao and Yong Bai, "Quasi-Orthogonal Space-Time Block Code with Givens Rotation for SC-FDE Transmission in Frequency Selective Fading Channels," Journal of Communications, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 832-838, 2013. doi: 10.12720/jcm.8.12.832-838
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